大学英语 新标准高职实用综合教程（第2版）第三册 Unit 07
- Unit 07 : Career and Life > Listening and Watching > Listening
- 1. What would the speaker be willing to do in a hospital?
He would be willing to do anything, , if necessary.
2. Why would he want to work as an assistant worker in a hospital for a year or two?
In the hospital, he could look and so that he might know what kind of job he wanted to do.
3. In choosing a job, what is the first thing to consider?
The first thing to consider is how well the job the public.
4. What is the second thing to consider?
The second thing to consider is how much there is in the job.
5. What is the third thing to consider?
The third thing to consider is the reward in the job.
- 正确答案：1. cleaning the floor 2. listen 3. serves 4. fun 5. financial
If I were 21, I would get a job as an assistant worker in a hospital, cleaning the floor, if necessary, and look and listen. After a year or two, I might know what kind of job I wanted to do. Maybe I would find that I wanted to become a nurse rather than a doctor. I would see where the job led me.
One way to find out what you want to do in life is to try all kinds of jobs. If you don’t like working in a store, try a factory, an office, or a farm. Not only will you find out what you want to do, but you will also pick up an amazing amount of useful information. If I were to choose a job, I should consider three things: how well it served the public; how much fun there was in it; and, of course, whether its financial reward would meet my needs.
Unit 07 : Career and Life > Text Study > Text A
- Where Are All the Plumbers?
- Where Are All the Plumbers?
- Unit 07 : Career and Life > Key to Book Exercises
Text A / Comprehension
A. Complete the following sentences orally according to the text, and then work with your partner and take turns asking and answering the questions orally.
1. What did the author realize through working with his hands in his workshop?
He realized that he could give up writing and spend the rest of his life making pieces of furniture that interested him.
2. What was the strange thing that happened in America a hundred or more years ago?
A hundred or more years ago, Americans began to think that people who worked with their hands were not as smart as those who worked with their brains.
3. What was another strange thing that happened in recent years in America?
Another strange thing that happened in recent years was that in all bur the executive jobs, the blue-collar workers are making as much as or more than the teachers, the accountants and the office clerks.
4. What happens when someone who works mostly with his brain makes something with his hands?
When someone who works mostly with his brain does something with his hands, friends give high praise.
5. What is the point that the author wants to make in this article?
The author’s point is that considering how enjoyable it is to work with one’s hands and how much money one can make in those jobs, it is curious that more young people coming out of school aren’t learning a trade instead of becoming salesmen.
B. Choose the best answer for each of the following statements or questions according to the text.
1. What is the writer’s profession?
A. He is a carpenter.
B. He is a writer.
C. He is a blue-collar worker.
D. He is a plumber.
2. Blue-collar workers in general ________ in recent years.
A. are working at lower-paying jobs
B. are making as much as or more than the white collars
C. are constantly on strike in order to get better pay
D. are making $60,000 a year
3. That people who work with their hands as well as their brains are not likely to belong to the local country club indicates that ________.
A. there is still prejudice against people who work with their brains
B. there is still prejudice against people who work with their hands
C. the local country club is badly managed
D. people who work with their hands as well as their brains cannot afford the fees
4. That we do not have enough people who do things well with their hands is probably because ________.
A. our sense of values is confused
B. it is better to sell houses as a salesman than it is to build them as a carpenter
C. it is better to repair a car as a mechanic than it is to sell a car as a car salesman
D. people who do things well with their hands make little money
5. It can be inferred that the writer thinks ________.
A. young people should all learn a trade
B. fathers who were plumbers should encourage their children to be plumbers, too
C. blue-collar work should be better paid
D. people should not be prejudiced against blue-collar work
Key: 1. B 2. B 3. B 4. A 5.D
Vocabulary Building / Exercises
A. Match the words in the left-hand column with the Chinese meanings on the right.
B. Fill in each of the following blanks with the proper form of the given word.
1. Laura was highly _________ for her performance in the play. (praise)
2. She is an __________ and works in a big company. (accounting)
3. Yao Ming is a __________ basketball player. (professionally)
4. Your application will be __________ as soon as we receive it. (process)
5. He told a very __________ story to the whole class yesterday. (interest)
6. When __________ are sent to different parts of the city, they have to drive in order to carry their products. (salesman)
7. When the bad boys bullied him again, he __________ back. (strike)
8. He bought three pieces of __________ for his room. (furniture)
Grammar Tips / Exercises
A. Translate the following sentences into English.
I lost my dictionary, so I have to buy a new one.
The manager asked me to write a report, and I have done so.
If needed, I can buy a computer.
The monitor of your computer is clearer than that of mine.
He will not come to your birthday party unless invited.
B. Choose the best answer to complete each sentence.
1. John wanted to ride his bike to school, but his father told him ________.
A. not to
B. not do
C. not do it
D. do not to
2. The color of your dress is brighter than ________ of mine.
3. What’s the difference between the first book and the second? — The first one has exercises while the second has ________.
C. no one
4. Although ________ to stop, he kept on walking.
C. was told
D. having told
5. Mike smokes heavily. Does his father ________?
A. smoke so
B. smoke that
C. do so
D. did that
Key: A A B B C
Text B / Comprehension
A. Answer the following questions according to the text.
1. What does the survey report tell about the college students’ attitudes toward life today?
The survey finds that today’s college students are more materialistic and less idealistic.
2. According to the survey report, what is the major objective for students today? What becomes less important as a result?
The students’ major objective is to be financially well off. Less important than ever is developing a meaningful philosophy of life.
3. What do most people realize when they are between the ages of 30 and 50?
Most people between the ages of 30 and 50 would realize that they wish they would do more than serve a company or whatever.
4. What is the most important thing for us to do in studying the wisdom of all ages?
The most important thing for us to do is that we improve our moral sense in studying the wisdom of all ages.
5. With the cartoon as an example, what does the author want to say about education?
With the cartoon, the author wants to say that education should teach the students how to tell right from wrong.
B. Judge whether each of the following statements is true or false. Write T if it is true, or F if false.
F 1. The survey report is based on answers from over 188,000 college graduates.
T 2. Today, fewer students choose to study literature or history.
F 3. More and more young people are interested in teaching and social service.
T 4. A friend of the author had made twice the salary of college teachers even before she finished her college.
T 5. Young people often do not understand the meaning of life.
T 6. The author believes that we can educate people for life as well as for a career.
A. Choose the best answer to complete each of the following sentences.
1. He told me with ________ that he could not come to the party.
2. According to a recent ________, in Shanghai alone there are more than 2.5 million migrant workers.
3. ________ I had read the books on the reading list before the final exam.
A. Only if
D. If only
4. It suddenly ________ her that she had been wrong all along.
A. came to
B. came through
C. came round
D. came under
5. The study of idioms is as important as ________ of grammar.
C. the one
6. The problems we have today are similar to ________ we had in the 1980s.
7. The work was done ________ her instructions.
A. in addition to
B. according to
C. as well as
D. apart from
8. Can you tell Jack ________ his twin brother?
Key: A B D A B C B C
B. Fill in the blanks with the words given below.
|students interested careers fieldsother emphasis salaries surprisingly|
A recent phenomenon in the choice of careers for college graduates is the increasing trend towards big companies. Few are interested in research fields. This is an unavoidable problem in a materialistic society. On the one hand, big companies offer higher salaries to compete with each other to get students even before they have completed their studies. On the other hand, the whole society tends to put emphasis on immediate economic results and shows relatively little interest in long-term research. Not surprisingly, more and more scientists and researchers from pure research are moving to applied fields, where there are more jobs available with better salaries. All this has not only seriously influenced young people’s views on the choice of careers, but on education as well. Many college teachers complain that fewer and fewer students these days are studying for the sake of knowledge.
C. Translate the following sentences into English using the words or phrases given.
I really regret that I did not spend more time on math at high school.
We need to think about what we could contribute to our country.
It is a sign of maturity to be able to think independently.
4. 我认为学一门手艺很有用。(learn a trade)
I think it is useful to learn a trade.
5. 实际上，许多蓝领的薪水比白领的薪水还要高。(blue-collar, white-collar)
In fact, many blue-collar workers earn more than white-collar workers.
D. Translate the following sentences into Chinese.
1. Yesterday I worked until 2:30 before I remembered I hadn’t eaten lunch.
2. In all but the executive jobs, the blue-collar workers are making as much as or more than the teachers, the accountants, and the office clerks.
3. You can only say that it’s because of some confused sense of values we have that makes us think it is better to sell houses as a salesman than it is to build them as a carpenter.
4. Most people, somewhere between the ages of 30 and 50, finally realize that they wish they could do more than serve a company or whatever.
5. According to the survey based on answers from over 188,000 students, today’s college students are “more materialistic and less idealistic.” It is not surprising in these hard times that the students’ major objective “is to be financially well off. Less important than ever is developing a meaningful philosophy of life.” So today the most popular course is not literature or history but accounting.
Practical Reading and Writing / Exercises
A. Complete the answer (in no more than three words) to each of the following questions.
1. Where was Zhang Yi born?
In Wuxi , Jiangsu Province.
2. Where is Zhang Yi currently living?
In Nanjing , Jiangsu Province.
3. What was Zhang Yi’s major at university?
She was a(n) English major .
4. What did Zhang Yi do in 2002?
She taught College English .
5. What is Zhang Yi’s current job?
She is the general manager of a computer company.
B. You are required to write a resume according to the following instructions given in Chinese. You should write at least 70 words. Follow the example in the Practical Reading section and pay close attention to the writing tips outlined above.
姓 名： 许涛
性 别： 男
出生年月： 1988. 10. 10
籍 贯： 湖南长沙
电子邮箱： hnxh**@sina. com
教育背景： 2003 – 2006年 长沙第三高级中学
2006 – 2010年 中南大学商学院毕业
工作背景： 2010至今 长沙远大贸易公司销售部经理助理