大学英语 新标准高职实用综合教程(第2版)第三册 Unit 06

  • Unit 06 : Attitudes and Happiness > Listening and Watching > Listening
    You will hear a recorded passage. After that you will hear five questions. Both the passage and the questions will be read twice. When you hear a question, you should complete the answer to it with a word or a short phrase (in no more than three words). The questions and incomplete answers are printed in the textbook for your reference.
  • 1. What is the first secret of happiness?
    The first secret of happiness is that we should always be .
    2. What is the second secret of happiness?
    The second secret is to  that happiness is a  of something else.
    3. What would happen if you have more passion?
    The more passion you have, the more happiness you are .
    4. What is the third secret of happiness?
    The third secret is to believe that  has some larger meaning, which can help us be happier.
    5. What do you need to do if you want to be happy?
    If you choose to find  in your life, you will be happy.
  • 正确答案:1. grateful   2. realize, byproduct   3. likely to experience   4. our existence   5. the positive
  • Script:
    How to remain happy? One secret is that we should always be grateful. All happy people are grateful. Ungrateful people cannot be happy. We tend to think that being unhappy leads people to complain, but it is truer to say that complaining leads to unhappiness.
    Another secret is to realize that happiness is a byproduct of something else. The most obvious sources are those pursuits that give our lives purpose, anything from studying insects to playing baseball. The more passion you have, the more happiness you are likely to experience.
    Finally, believing that our existence has some larger meaning can help us be happier. We need a philosophy of life that should include this belief: If you choose to find the positive in your life, you will be happy, and if you choose to find the awful, you will be unhappy. This is largely your decision.

脚本:
如何保持快乐?一个秘密是我们应该永远心存感激。所有快乐的人都心存感激。忘恩负义的人不会幸福。我们往往认为不快乐会导致人们抱怨,但更确切地说,抱怨导致不快乐。
另一个秘诀是要意识到幸福是其他事情的副产品。最明显的来源是那些赋予我们生活目的的追求,从研究昆虫到打棒球。你拥有的激情越多,你可能经历的幸福就越多。
最后,相信我们的存在有更大的意义可以帮助我们更快乐。我们需要的人生哲学应该包含这样的信念:如果你选择在生活中寻找积极的一面,你就会快乐;如果你选择寻找糟糕的一面,你就会不快乐。这在很大程度上是你的决定。


  • Unit 06 : Attitudes and Happiness > Text Study > Text A
  • Attitude Is Everything
1     Jerry was always in a good mood and had something positive to say.When someone asked him how he was doing, he would reply, “If I were any better, I would be twins!”
2     He was a unique manager because he had several waiters who had followed him around from restaurant to restaurant. The waiters followed Jerry because he was a natural motivator. If an employee had a bad day, Jerry would tell the employee how to look on the positive side of the situation.
3     I was curious about this guy, so one day I asked Jerry, “I don’t get it! You can’t be a positive person all the time. How do you do it?”
4     Jerry replied, “Each morning I wake up and say to myself, ‘Jerry, you have two choices today. You can choose to be in a good mood or you can choose to be in a bad mood.’ I choose to be in a good mood. Each time something bad happens, I can choose to be a victim or I can choose to learn from it.I choose to learn from it. Every time someone comes to me complaining, I can choose to accept their complaining or I can point out the positive side of life. I choose the positive side of life.”
5     Life is all about choices. Every situation is a choice. You choose how you react to situations. You choose how people will affect your mood. You choose to be in a good mood or bad mood. How you live your life is your own choice. I reflected on what Jerry said.
6     Soon I left the restaurant industry to start my own business.We lost touch, but often thought about him when I made a choice in my life. Several years later, I heard that Jerry was shot and badly wounded in a robbery when robbers came in through the back door that Jerry had left open. Luckily, Jerry was found quickly and rushed to the local hospital.After 18 hours of surgery and weeks of intensive care, Jerry was released from the hospital. I saw Jerry about six months after the accident. When I asked him how he was, he replied, “If I were any better, I’d be twins. Want to see my scars?”
7     declined to see his wounds, but did ask him what had gone through his mind as the robbery took place. “The first thing that went through my mind was that I should have locked the back door,” Jerry replied. “Then, as I lay on the floor, I remembered that I had two choices: I could choose to live, or I could choose to die. I chose to live.”
8     “Weren’t you scared?” I asked. Jerry continued, “The paramedics were great. They kept telling me I was going to be fine.But when they took me into the emergency room and I saw the expressions of the doctors, I got really scared. In their eyes, I read, “He’s a dead man.’”
9     “I knew I needed to take action.” “What did you do?” I asked. “Well, a nurse shouted questions at me, asking if I was allergic to anything,” said Jerry, “I replied ‘yes.’ The doctors and nurses stopped working as they waited for my reply. yelled, ‘Bullets!’”
10     Over their laughter, I told them, ‘I am choosing to live.Operate on me as if I am alive, not dead.’” Jerry lived, thanks to the skill of his doctors, but also because of his amazing attitude. I learned from him that every day we have the choice to live fully. Attitude, after all, is everything.
  • 态度决定一切
  • 1    杰瑞的心情总是很好,而且他总说些积极向上的话。如果有人问他最近如何,他会回答:“我好得不能再好了!”
  • 2    他是个很独特的经理,因为当他从一家餐馆跳槽到另一家餐馆时,总是有几个男服务员跟随着他。这几位服务员跟随着杰瑞,因为他天生会激励人。如果某个员工碰到了不顺心的事,杰瑞就会教他如何看待事情乐观的一面。
  • 3    我对此人非常好奇,于是有一天就问他,“我真不明白,你总不可能一直乐观吧。你是如何保持住这种积极乐观的心态的呢?”
  • 4    杰瑞回答道,“每天早晨我醒来就对自己说,‘杰瑞,你今天有两种选择:你可以选择好心情,也可以选择坏心情。’我选择好心情。每次有糟糕的事情发生时,我可以选择当个受害者,也可以从中吸取经验;我选择从中吸取经验。每当有人向我抱怨时,我可以选择接受怨言,也可以指出生活中积极乐观的一面;我选择指出生活中积极乐观的一面。”
  • 5    生活就是不断地选择。每种情况都是个选择,由你来选择如何应对,由你来选择别人对你心情的影响。可以选好心情,可以选坏心情。如何生活是你自己的选择。我回味着杰瑞所说的话。
  • 6    不久,我离开了餐饮业,开始自己创业。我们失去了联系。不过,每当我面临着人生中的抉择时,就会想起他。几年后,我听说有一次杰瑞忘了关后门,强盗乘机进门抢劫,杰瑞受到枪击,严重受伤。幸运的是,人们很快发现了杰瑞,赶紧将他送到了当地的医院。经过了18个小时的手术和好几个星期的特别护理,杰瑞终于出院了。此事发生后约6个月,我见到了杰瑞。我问他感觉如何,他回答说,“好得不能再好了。想看看我的伤疤吗?”
  • 7    我没看他的伤疤,而是问他抢劫发生时他心里在想什么。“我首先想到的是,我应该把后门锁上,”杰瑞回答道,“后来,我倒在地板上,这时我想到我有两种选择:我可以选择生,也可以选择死。我选择了生。”
  • 8    “难道你不害怕吗?”我问。杰瑞接着说,“急救护理人员都很棒。他们不断对我说我会好起来的。但当他们将我送入急救室时,医生们的表情把我吓坏了。我看到他们的眼神仿佛在说,‘这个人完了。’”
  • 9    “我知道我必须采取行动。”“你怎么办的?”我问。“嗯,护士问我是否对什么过敏,”杰瑞说,“我回答‘是的’。这时医生和护士都停下了手中的工作,等着我回答。我大声叫道,‘子弹!’”
  • 10    “在他们的笑声中,我告诉他们,‘我要活下去。给我动手术吧,把我当成活人,别把我当做死人。”由于医生高超的医术,更是由于杰瑞积极乐观的人生态度,他活了下来。从杰瑞的身上,我懂得了,我们可以选择充实地过好每一天。毕竟,态度决定一切。

  • Unit 06 : Attitudes and Happiness > Key to Book Exercises

Text A / Comprehension

Complete the following sentences orally according to the text, and then work with your partner and take turns asking and answering the questions orally.

  1. Why did some waiters follow Jerry from restaurant to restaurant?

The waiters followed Jerry from restaurant to restaurant because he was a natural motivator.

  1. What happened to Jerry several years after the author started his own business?

Jerry was shot and badly wounded in a robbery.

  1. What action did Jerry take when he saw the hopeless expressions of the doctors?

He made a joke by saying that he was allergic to bullets when a nurse asked him whether he was allergic to anything.

  1. What saved Jerry’s life?

Jerry survived because of the skill of his doctors and his own positive attitude toward life.

  1. According to the author, how important is a positive attitude to a happy life?

According to the author, attitude is everything to a happy life.


Choose the best answer for each of the following statements or questions according to the text.

  1. By Jerry’s example, you should choose to ________ if your friends come to you complaining about life.
  2. accept their complaining
  3. complain together with them
  4. point out the positive side of life
  5. appear very happy about your own life
  1. What did the writer learn from Jerry?
  2. A positive person should start his or her own business.
  3. Life is all about choices.
  4. You will not die if you are always positive and happy.
  5. A positive attitude will save one’s life.
  1. Jerry offered to show his scars to the writer when they met again. It shows ________.
  2. Jerry was proud of being shot
  3. Jerry was happy about his experience
  4. Jerry was positive about life after the accident
  5. Jerry had completely recovered
  1.    Was Jerry scared in the accident?
  2. No, he wasn’t. Because he was more concerned with the locking of the backdoor than his life.
  3. No, he wasn’t. Because the paramedics were great.
  4. Yes, he was. Because he saw the serious expressions of the doctors.
  5. Yes, he was. Because the nurse asked whether he was allergic to anything.
  1. What is the lesson from Jerry’s story?
  2. Life is full of accidents and possibilities.
  3. A positive attitude is very important in life.
  4. There is nothing to worry about in life.
  5. Happiness brings about good luck in life.

Key: 1. C    2. B     3.C     4. C     5. B


Vocabulary Building / Exercises

Match the words in the left-hand column with the Chinese meanings on the right.

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Fill in each of the following blanks with the proper form of the given word.

  1. The _________ of the machine is easy. (operate)
  2. The baby is very _________ about the moving pictures on the TV. (curiously)
  3. He went home after being _________ from the prison. (release)
  4. The policeman tried to catch the two _________.(robbery)
  5. The baby is _________ to milk products. (allergy)
  6. One of the _________ is now working at your company. (twin)
  7. His failure on the math exam _________ him to study harder. (motivator)
  8. As an _________ worker, he is often praised by his boss. (industry)

Key:

  1. operation
  2. curious
  3. released
  4. robbers
  5. allergic
  6. twins
  7. motivated
  8. industrious

Grammar Tips /Exercises

  1. Translate the following sentences into English by using the word “it.”
  2. 可惜你错过了那次音乐会。

It is a pity that you missed that concert.

  1. 今天是星期五。

It’s Friday today.

  1. 外面的雨下得很大。

It’s raining heavily outside.

  1. 把这篇文章翻译成英语对我来说很难。

It is very difficult for me to translate this article into English.

  1. 总统亲自回答了我的提问。

It was the president himself who / that answered my question.


Choose the best answer to complete each of the following sentences.

Text B / Comprehension

Answer the following questions according to the text.

  1. What is Ed Deiner? What is the subject of his study?

Ed Deiner is a psychology professor at the University of Illinois in the US. He has spent his whole professional life studying what makes people happy, comparing levels of happiness between cultures and trying to find out exactly why we enjoy enjoying ourselves.

  1. In Professor Deiner’s opinion, what is the difference between Westerners and Asians in the pursuit of happiness?

According to Professor Deiner, Westerners pursue individual happiness while Asians prefer mutual satisfaction.

  1. Average income earners in the US were much happier than people in poverty. From this statement, what conclusion can we draw about the relationship between income and happiness?

From this statement, we may conclude that income also makes a big difference to people’s happiness.

  1. Why are the Scandinavian countries amongst the happiest that Professor Deiner studies?

The Scandinavian countries are amongst the happiest because their incomes are high but also spread fairly evenly.

  1. How does the writer define individual happiness in this article?

In this article, the author defines individual happiness as the sense of joy we get when we do something we like.


Judge whether each of the following statements is true or false according to the text. Write T if it is true, or F if false.

T  1. Professor Deiner has devoted himself to the study of what makes people happy.

F  2. At a higher level, income made a big difference to people’s happiness.

T  3. According to Professor Deiner, people’s happy mood may have a positive influence on their health.

T  4. Happiness means different things in different cultures.

F  5. Millionaires were much happier than people on average incomes.

T  6. Some people may feel unhappy because ordinary happiness is not good enough for them.


Comprehensive Exercises

Choose the best answer to complete each of the following sentences.

  1. Fill in the blanks with the words given below.
that               it           no          in
result             most              however        opposite

I was not a particularly happy child. Like most teenagers, I was often angry. One day, however , it occurred to me that I was taking the easy way out. Anyone could be unhappy; it took no courage or effort. True achievement lay in struggling to be happy. The idea that we have to work at happiness comes as news to many people. We assume it is a feeling that comes as a result       of good things that just happen to us, things over which we have little or no control. But the opposite is true: happiness is largely under our control. It is a battle to be fought and not a feeling to be awaited.

Translate the following sentences into English using the words or phrases given.

  1. 我相信,通过我们共同的努力一定会取得成功。(mutual)

I believe we will succeed through our mutual efforts.

  1. 她必须在出国留学还是留在国内工作之间做出选择。(make a choice)

She must make a choice between studying abroad or working at home.

  1. 我们对人生应该有积极的态度。(positive)

We should have a positive attitude toward life.

  1. 每天早上她的情绪都非常好。(cheerful mood)

She is in a cheerful mood every morning.

  1. 我不赞成浪费时间去抱怨。(approve of)

I don’t approve of wasting our time in complaining.


Translate the following sentences into Chinese.

  1. Jerry was always in a good mood and had something positive to say.

杰瑞的心情总是很好,而且总说些积极向上的话。

  1. Every time someone comes to me complaining, I can choose to accept their complaining or I can point out the positive side of life.

每当有人向我抱怨时,我可以选择接受怨言,也可以指出生活中积极乐观的一面。

  1. Ed Deiner has spent his whole professional life studying what makes people happy, comparing levels of happiness between cultures and trying to find out exactly why we enjoy enjoying ourselves.

艾德·戴纳毕生都在研究使人们感到快乐的因素,比较不同文化之间快乐程度的差异,想找出人们喜欢快乐的确切原因。

  1. Millionaires were only a little bit happier than people on average incomes.

百万富翁们只比中等收入者稍微快乐一点点。

  1. Another secret is realizing that happiness is a byproduct of something else. The most obvious sources are those pursuits that give our lives purpose, anything from studying insects to playing baseball. The more passion you have, the more happiness you are likely to experience.

另一个秘诀是,快乐只是某种东西的副产品。快乐最显而易见的源头是能够给我们的生命以目的的那些追求:从研究昆虫到打棒球,都能带来快乐。你越是充满激情,就越有可能体验更多的快乐。


Practical Reading and Writing /Exercises

Complete the answer (in no more than three words) to each of the following questions.

  1. What is the applicant?

She is a student of Business English at Shanghai City University.

  1. How is her health condition?

Her health is good .

  1. What qualifications does she have?

She can speak and write good English.

  1. Why is she applying to a business company?

She wants to have some practical experience before she starts a career in the business world.

  1. What does she want to do at the company?

She is willing to do anything that could use her English skills .


You are required to fill out the following application form according to the instructions given in Chinese.

 

请以张秋生(男)的身份填写一份到外企工作的求职申请表,具体信息如下:

出生日期:1991年6月18日

出 生 地: 南京

联系地址:江苏省南京市光华路28*号

邮政编码:210000

联系电话:025–8866****

个人详细情况:2009年被华东大学外国语言文学系录取,大学期间主修英语,同时还学习了多门国际贸易课程,各科成绩良好。希望能够进入所申请的公司工作。

Sample answer

 

Application Form

Family Name: Zhang
 
First Name: Qiusheng
 
Date of Birth: June 18, 1991
 
Gender: Male
 
Place of Birth: Nanjing
 
Health: Good
 
Telephone Number: 025-8866****
 
Address: 28* Guanghua Road, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210000
 
Education East China University
 
Major: English
 
Reasons for Application: I was admitted into the Department of Foreign Languages of East China University in 2009. I majored in English, and I did well both in my major and in the several international trade courses which I took as my minor subjects. I would appreciate it very much if you could give me an opportunity to work in your company. I am confident that I could do a good job and contribute positively to its success.

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我要像梦一样自由,像大地一样宽容;
在艰辛放逐的路上,点亮生命的光芒;
我要像梦一样自由,像天空一样坚强;
在曲折蜿蜒的路上,体验生命的意义;

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