高等学校英语应用能力考试(A级)语法考点

高等学校英语应用能力考试(A级)语法考点

高等学校英语应用能力考试( A 级) 语法考点

测试项目、内容、题型及时间分配表:  

序号  测试项目  题号  测试内容  题型  百分比  时间分配 
Ⅰ  听力理解  1-15 对话、会话、短文  多项选择、填空、简答  15% 15 分钟 
Ⅱ  语法结构  16-35 句法结构、语法、词形变化  多项选择、填空、改错  15% 15 分钟 
Ⅲ  阅读理解  36-60 语篇,包括一般性及应用性文字  多项选择、填空、简答、匹配  35% 40 分钟 
Ⅳ  英译汉  61-65 句子和段落  多项选择、段落翻译  20% 25 分钟 
Ⅴ  写作 /
汉译英 
  应用性文字(摘要、通告、信函、简历表、申请书、协议书等)翻译。  套写、书写、填写或翻译  15% 25 分钟 
合计    65+1     100% 120 分钟 
             

英语 A 级语法大全:

第一节   大学英语三级考试语法部分简介

一、大纲要求

大学英语三级考试大纲对语法的要求是:进一步加深和扩大中学学过的语法知识,侧重其在阅读和翻译中的应用。

二、考查范围

三级语法考题的涉及面广。考试范围为《浙江省高等学校英语三级考试大纲》所附结构表的内容。

  在语法结构表中,详细列出了高等专科英语课程教学阶段需要进一步巩固加深的语法项目,主要涉及如下语法点:限定词、名词、形容词、副词、代词、数词、介词、动词、虚拟语气、非谓语动词、一致关系、句子种类 ( 简单句、并列句和复合句 ) 、强调句型、省略、倒装、构词法和标点等十七个方面。本书逐一介绍各类试题的设计特点 ( 题型 ) 及解题技巧。

在大学英语三级考试中,虽然题目千变万化,但是万变不离其宗,只要仔细分析,就会发现这些题目其实基本上都是时态、形容词与副词、名问、一致关系和虚拟语气、非谓语动词、倒装句、复合句 ( 连接手段 ) 的各种变化形式。本书在逐一介绍各类试题的设计特点 ( 题型 ) 及解题技巧的同时,还侧重对上述几类语法变化形式在历届真题中的考点作详细分析。

语法测试项目 所占比例
复合句 ( 主语从句、定语从句、状语从句 )  21 %
虚拟语气 8 . 3 %
时态和语态 10 . 8 %
非谓语动词 ( 分词、动名词、不定式 ) 23 . 3 %
一致关系 2 . 5 %
倒装句 6 . 7 %
形容词与副词 5 . 8 %
强调 2 . 5 %
名词和限定词 2 . 5 %
倍数 1 . 7 %
省略 0 . 8 %
情态动词 2 . 5 %
反意疑问句 0 . 8 %
代词 5 %
介词 0 . 8 %
   

最常考点:非谓语动词,虚拟语气,名词性从句,倒装句(部倒),时态,词形转换

非谓语动词:

  近几年的语法测试中非谓语动词约占 31 。 1% ,平均每年近 5 道题,可谓是语法项目考查的重点,那么非谓语动词的考查都有哪些特点,解答时又应注意些什么呢 ? 下面我和大家就一起来分析一下:

   1 、非谓语动词考查特点

   1)  谓语动词与非谓语动词的判断

  对谓语动词与非谓语动词区别的考查主要集中在独立主格结构,如:

   all things ___ because of the snowstorm ,  many passengers could do nothing but take the train 。

   a 。  had been canceled b 。  have been canceled

   c 。  were canceled d 。  having been canceled

  四个选项中有三个是谓语动词,只有 d 是非谓语动词,只要同学们能判断出这里是非谓语动词做状语,则不用考虑时态的问题,答案自明。

   2)  谓语动词后不定式与动名词的选择

  谓语动词后接不定式还是接动名词也是四级语法测试中的一个题眼。如:

  ①  i don ‘ t mind ____ the decision as long as it is not too late 。

   a 。  you to delay making b 。  you delaving making

   c 。  your delaying to make d 。  you delay to make

  ②  had i remembered ____ the windows ,  the thief would not have got in 。

   a 。  to close b 。  closing

   c 。  to have closed d 。  having closed

  ③  your hair wants ______  。  you ‘ d better have it done tomorrow 。

   a 。  cut b 。  to cut c 。  cutting d 。  being cut(1997 。 6)

  这类题涉及三个方面:

  谓语动词后应该接不定式还是动名词 ?

  即可接不定式又可接动名词时,结构和意思上有何差别 ?

  不定式与动名词用主动形式还是用被动形式 ?

   3)  做定语的非谓语动词的选择

  从近几年的考查情况来看,对做定语的非谓语动词的考查有两种情况:

   (1) 对一般概念的考查,而不是固定结构中的非谓语动词做定语。如:

  ①  the project ____ by the end of 2000 ,  will expand the city ‘ s

   telephone network to cover 1 , 000 , 000 users 。

   a 。  accomplished b 。  being accomplished

   c 。  to be accomplished d 。  having been accomplished

  ②  if i correct someone ,  i will do it with so much good humd

   and self-restraint as if i were the one ______ 。

   a 。  to correct b 。  correcting

   c 。  having been corrected d 。  being corrected

  同学们只要掌握非谓语动词作定语的一般的规律,就可以判断①题答案为 c ,②题答案为 d 。

   (2) 对固定结构的考查,如:

  ①  the professor could hardly find sufficient grounds _____ his

   arguments in favor of the new theory 。

   a 。  to be based on b 。  to base on

   c 。  which to base on d 。  on which to base

  ②  the pressure _____ causes americans to be energetic ,  but it

   also puts them under a constant emotional strain 。

   a 。  to compete b 。  competing

   c 。  to be competed d 。  having competed

  ①题为不定式做定语的固定形式,答案为 d ,②题为某些特定名词的定语结构,答案为 a 。在英语中有些名词,如动词变来的名词,形容词变来的名词,以及 means ,  way ,  time ,  moment ,  reason 等要求其后用不定式做定语,不定式没有体的变化。

   4)  做状语的非谓语动词的选择

  做状语的非谓语动词主要考查其各种形式的选择,如:

  ①  ______ the earth to be flat ,  many feared that columbus would fall off the edge of the earth 。

   a 。  having believed b 。  believing c 。  believed d 。  being believed

  ②  _______ a teacher in a university ,  it is necessary to have at least a master ‘ s degree 。

   a 。  to become b 。  become c 。  one becomes d 。  on becoming

  ③  realizing that he hadn ‘ t enough money and ____ to borrow from his father ,  he decided to sell his watch 。

   a 。  not wanted b 。  no to want c 。  not wanting d 。  wanting not

  ④  ___ it or not ,  his discovery has created a stir in scientific circles 。

   a 。  believe b 。  to believe c 。  believing d 。  believed

  从以上各题来看,考查的侧重点有:

   (1) 状语类别的判断

  不同的状语对非谓语动词的要求不同,目的状语要求用不定式,如②。

   (2) 非谓语动词与句子属于之间的逻辑关系

  根据主谓关系或动宾关系的不同来确定用现在分词还是用过去分词。

   (3) 非谓语动词的否定形式

   not 否定非谓语动词时置于非谓语动词之前,如③。

   (4)  独立成分

  有些非谓语动词的使用不受与主语关系的限制,称为独立成分,这类成   分只记忆即可。如:

generally speaking ,  judging from ……,  to tell the truth ……,   等

虚拟语气: 

一.   虚拟语气

1. if  句中虚拟形式

if  引导的非真实条件句(纯粹假设或发生的可能性不大):

条件   从句   主句

与现在相反  did (be were) would/ should/ might/ could do

与将来相反  did (be were) would/ should/ might/ could do

与过去相反  had done would/ should/ might/ could have done

例句

If we left (leave) now, we should arrive in time.

If they hadn’t gone on vacation, their house wouldn’t have been broken (break) into.

2.  原形虚拟:

a.  表命令、决定、要求、建议等词语之后的 that- 分句中,用动词原形。

suggest, demand, advise, propose, order, arrange, insist, command, require, request, desire …… that  + (should) do

例如  He suggested that we should leave early.

 My suggestion is that we should tell him.

b. It is (was)  形容词 / 名词 that …… (should) do/

例如  It is absolutely essential that all the facts be examined first.

3.  一些句型中的虚拟形式:

1. It’s (high, about, the first, etc.) time (that) … 动词过去时 …

例如  It’s time we left.  例如  It is time we went to bed.

2 would rather/sooner  宁愿

 as if/ though  好像

would rather/sooner  谓语用过去时   与现在或者将来相反

as if/ though  谓语用过去完成时   与过去相反

练习

1. I _______ try it again if I_______you.

A. will ;  am B. should ;  am C. would ;  were D. would ;  had been

2. If it _______ not for the water ,  the plants _______live.

A. were ;  would not B. is ;  could not C. were ;  could D. did ;  could not

3. If I _______ that chance to show my ability ,  I _______the president of this school.

A. have not had ;  could not become    B. had not had ;  would not have become

C. did not have ;  could not become    D. doesn ’ t have ;  will not become

4. He _______ by that burglar if you _______ to save him.

A. might have been killed ;  hadn ’ t come B. will be killed ;  didn ’ t come

C. may be killed ;  did ’ t come D. could be killed ;  haven ’ t come

5. If it _______for your help ,  I _______that hard time with so little money.

A. were not ;  would not spend B. is not ;  can not spend

C. had not been ;  would not have spent D. have not been ;  will not spend

6. Where _______ you go if war _______?

A. will ;  breaks out   B. do ;  will break out

C. would ;  were to break out   D. will ;  is to break out

7. She wishes she _______ that humiliating thing.

A. doesn ’ t do B. didn ’ t do C. haven ’ t done D. hadn ’ t done

8. The chairman suggested that the meeting _______ put off.

A. can be B. be C. is D. will be

9. It is vital that he _______ immediately.

A. should go B. must go C. goes D. went

10. It is time we _______do our homework.

A. begin to B. can begin to C. began to D. will begin to

答案:

1. 选 C 。表示与现在事实相反的假设 ( 指现在的假设 ) ( 译文 ;  如果我是你,我会再试一次 )

2 选 A 。表示与现在事实相反的假设 ( 指现在的假设 ) 。 ( 译文:要是没有水,植物就不能存活。 )

3.   选 B 。表示与过去事实相反的假设。

4  A 。表示与过去事实相反的假设。 ( 译文:要不是你来救他,他早就被那个窃贼杀了。 )

5. C 。与过去事实相反的假设。 ( 译:要没有你帮忙,我那点儿钱是无法度过那段艰苦岁月的。 )

6. 选 C 。表示与将来事实相反的假设。 ( 译文:要是战争爆发了,你会上哪儿去? )

7. 选 D 。虚拟语气用于宾语从句。 ( 译文:她真希望自己没有做过那件丢脸的事情。 )

8.   选 B 。虚拟语气用于表示“建议”等意义的动词后。 ( 译文:主席建议会议延期举行。 )

9.   选 A 。虚拟语气用于主语从句 (It is  /  was +  形容词  + that  引导的分句 ) 。

10.  选 C 。虚拟语气用于定语从句 It is time (that)… 句型。 ( 译文:我们该开始做作业了。 )

二.动词的时态

1.  各个时态动词基本变形

一般现在时 be(is,am,are) do/does 现在进行时 be (is/am/are)+ doing 现在完成时 have/has done 现在完成进行时 have/has been doing
一般过去时 was/were did 过去进行时 was/were doing 过去完成时 had done 过去完成进行时 had been doing
一般将来时 will do 将来进行时 will do 将来完成 will have done 将来完成进行时 will have been doing
一般过去将来时 would do 过去将来进行时 would be doing 过去将来完成时 would have done 过去将来完成进行时 would have been doing
       

2.  时间状语与动词时态的搭配

一定的时态往往和一定的时间状语连用。

always ,usually, sometimes,  一般现在时  do/does am is are

last week, yesterday, a few days ago  一般过去时  did was/ were

next week, tomorrow, in a week, this year  一般将来时  will do

now, at present, at this moment  现在进行时  be +doing

so far, up to now, by the time, since 的主句   现在完成时  has/have done

3.  练习,用动词的适当形式填空

1. He _______ (be) eighteen next year.

2. It _______ (rain) every day so far this month.

3. Mozart _______ (write) more than 600 pieces of music.

4. If it _______ (rain) tomorrow , we ’ ll have to stay at home.

5. How fast _______ he _______ (drive) when the accident happened?

6. By the time Mr. Smith left school , he _______ (teach) that course for twenty-five years.

7. Perhaps he _______ (finish) reading the book by this time tomorrow.

1.  填 will be 。  next year 为表示将来时态的时间状语 

2.  填 has rained 。 so far 是“到目前为止”的意思,常和现在完成时搭配使用。

3.  填 wrote 。 Mozart ( 莫扎特 ) 是已去世的音乐家,故应使用过去时。

4.   填 rains 。在条件状语从句中,要用一般现在时表示将来发生的事情。

5.  填 was…driving 。   表示过去某一时刻发生的动作要用过去进行时。

6.   填 had taught 。句中有 by the time Mr. Smith left school , 主语的谓语应用过去完成时。

7.   填 will have finished 。   句中有 by this time tomorrow ,主语的谓语应用将来完成时。

三   动词的被动语态

1.  各个时态的被动语态

时态 一般现在时 现在进行时 一般过去时 过去进行时 一般将来时 过去将来时 现在完成时 过去完成时 现在完成进行时 将来完成时
主动 do am/is/are doing did was/ were doing will  do would do has/ have done had done has/ have been doing will have done
被动 am/is/are done am/is/are being done was/ were done was/ were being done will be done would be done has/ have been done had been done   will have been done
                     

1. The construction of the library_______ before the end of next month.

A. must have completed   B. must have been completed

C. must be completed   D. must complete

2. The subject of these lectures _______ by the lecture committee.

A. announces   B. have been announced

C. announced   D. has been announced

3. My pictures _______ until next week.

A. won ’ t develop        B. aren ’ t developing

C. don ’ t develop        D. won ’ t be developed

4. They _______ so that we wouldn ’ t recognize them.

A. costumed      B. disguised    C. were disguising    D.were disguised

5. All the apparatus ( 器械 )  _______ before the experiment began.

A. had been prepared  B. were prepared   C. had been prepared   D. had prepared

6. The world ’ s supplies of copper _______ .

A. have been gradually being exhausted    B. has gradually exhausted

C. are gradually exhausted          D. are being gradually exhausted

7. The goods _______ when we arrived at the airport.

A. were just unloading      B. were just being unloaded

C. had just unloaded      D. were just been unloaded

8. Tom _______ the best student in his class.

A. regards    B. regards as    C. has regarded as    D. is regarded as

9. The sports meeting _______ because of the bad weather.

A. put off B. was put off C. was putted off D. has put off

1.  C 。情态动词的被动语态为:情态动词 +be+ done 。 ( 译:到下月底图书馆的修建必须完工 )

2. D 现在完成时的被动语态为: h ave been+ done  ( 译:讲座的课题已由讲座委员会宣布了。 )

3.   D 。一般将来时的被动语态为: will be+ done ,其否定形式为: will not be +done

4. D 一般过去时的被动语态为 was / were+ 过去分词 ( 译 : 为了不让我们认出来 , 他们伪装了起来 )

5.   C 。过去完成时的被动语态的构成为: had been+ 过去分词。

6.   D 现在进行时的被动语态为: are / is / am being+ 过去分词。 ( 译 : 世界的铜资源正逐渐被耗尽 )

7. B 。过去进行时的被动语态为: was / were being+ 过去分词。 ( 译 : 我们到机场时正在卸货物。 )

8.   D 。  ( 译文:汤姆被认为是班里最好的学生。 )

9.  B 。 ( 译文:运动会因天气不好被取消了。 )

四   定语从句

1. 定语从句( Attributive Clauses )在句中做定语,修饰一个名词或代词,被修饰的名词,词组或代词即先行词。定语从句通常紧跟在先行词后,由关系词(关系代词或关系副词)引出。
  关系代词有: who, whom, whose, that, which 等。
  关系副词有: when, where, why 等。

例题: The Social Security Retirement Program is made up of two trust funds , _______ could go

penniless by next year.

A. the large one          B. the larger of which

C. the largest one        D. the largest of which

选 B 。因为前面有 two ,所以不能选 D ,  A 没有连接手段,也不能选。

三级试题中定语从句的考题:

 1 、 I tried to get of the business _____ I found impossible to carry on.

 A) why B)which C)what D)where

 2 、 Once more I have to leave Beijing , _____ I have been living for eight years.

 A) that B)where C)which D)as

 3 、 This book is designed for the leaners_____native languages are not English.

 A)whose B)which C)who D)what

 4 、 She got to know the young man very well_____she had worked for so long.

 A)to whom B)in whom C)whom D)with whom

 5 、 The hotel_____during the vacation was rather poorly managed.

 A)as I stayed B)where I stayed C)which I stayed D)what I stayed

 6 、 There are so many dresses there that I really don’t know____to choose.

 A)whether B)when C)which D)why

 7 、 I think that Anna is_____far the most active member in our group.

 A)with B)at C)as D)by

五.倒装

1.  当 only  放在句首,表示强调时,要用倒装

例: Only in this way  can you solve  this problem.  只有用这种方法,你才可以解决这个问题。

Only yesterday  did I finish  the book.  到昨天我才读完那本书。

2.  具有否定意义的副词或词组用于句首,要用倒装,助动词,情态动词放主语之前。常见的否定词有: never, seldom, rarely, little, hardly, not until, by no means, not only, neither, no sooner, hardly 等。

例句: Never shall I forget the days when you were with us.

1 、 Olny when we had finished all the work_____that it was too late to take a bus home.

 A)did we realize B)informing C)informed D)to inform

 2 、 Not until the day before yesterday_____to give a speech at the meeting.

 A)he agreed B)does he agree C)he agrees D)did he agree

 3 、 Young_____he is, he has proved to be an able sale sman.

 A)that B)who C)as D)which

 4 、 Not until yesterday_____anything about the project that will be completed soon.

 A)did I learn B)have I learnt C)I learnt D)that I learnt

 5 、 He is used to flying by air and on no occasion_____frightened.

 A)he has ever felt B)he ever feels C)ever does he feel D)has he ever felt

 6 、 So_____after she learned the good news that she could hardly fall asleep that night.

 A)excited the mother was B)was the mother excited

 C)the mother was excited D)excited was the mother

 7 、 So loudly_____that people could hear it out in the street.

 A)did the students play the music B)the students playing the music

 C)the students played the music D)have the students played the music

六. it 的用法

1.it 作形式主语或者形式宾语

It is necessary for us to learn English. it 这里指代 to learn English

It was not very clear what she meant. it 这里指代  what she meant

2. it  在强调句型

强调句型的结构为:  It is/was + 被强调部分 + that(who) + 句子的其余部分

练习 1. It was only when I read his poems recently _______ I began to appreciate their beauty.

A. until      B. that      C. then      D. so

选 B 。   强调句型强调 when 引导的时间状语从句。

2.It was about 600 years ago _______the first clock with a face and an hour hand was made.

A. that      B. until      C. before      D. when

选 A 。   强调句型强调时间状语。

七.形容词比较级   比较级   最高级

1. 不规则变法  good/well better best

bad worse worst

many/much more most

little less least

2.  形容词比较级结构

(1)  形容词 +than  例句: Real friendship is more valuable than money. (2) the + 形容词比较级, the +  形容词比较级   例句: The more medicine I take, the worse I feel.

词组:

1 (see  、 hear  、 notice  、 find  、 feel  、 listen to  、  look at ( 感官动词 )+do eg:I like watching monkeys jump

2  (比较级  and  比较级)   表示越来越怎么样 

3 a piece of cake =easy  小菜一碟(容易)  4 agree with sb  赞成某人 

5 all kinds of  各种各样  a kind of  一样  6 all over the world = the whole world  整个   世界 

7 along with 同 …… 一道,伴随 …… eg : I will go along with you 我将和你一起去 

the students planted trees along with their teachers  学生同老师们一起种树 

8 As soon as  一怎么样就怎么样  9 as you can see  你是知道的 

10 ask for …… 求助   向 … 要 … (直接接想要的东西)  eg : ask you for my book

11 ask sb for sth  向某人什么 

12 ask sb to do sth  询问某人某事  ask sb not to do  叫某人不要做某事 

13 at the age of  在 …… 岁时  eg : I am sixteen I am at the age of sixteen

14 at the beginning of …… …… 的起初 ; …… 的开始 

15 at the end of + 地点 /+ 时间   最后 ; 尽头 ; 末尾  eg : At the end of the day

16 at this time of year  在每年的这个时候 

17 be /feel confident of sth /that clause + 从句   感觉 / 对什么有信心,自信 

eg : I am / feel confident of my spoken English I feel that I can pass the test

18 be + doing  表: 1  现在进行时  2  将来时 

19 be able to (+ v  原 ) = can (+ v  原)   能够 …… eg : She is able to sing She can sing

20 be able to do sth  能够干什么  eg :she is able to sing

21 be afraid to do (of sth  恐惧,害怕 …… eg : I’m afraed to go out at night I’m afraid of dog

22 be allowed to do  被允许做什么 

eg: I’m allowed to watch TV  我被允许看电视  I should be allowed to watch TV  我应该被允许看电视 

23 be angry with sb  生某人的气  eg : Don’t be angry with me

24 be angry with(at) sb for doing sth  为什么而生某人的气 

25 be as… 原级 …as  和什么一样  eg : She is as tall as me  她和我一样高 

26 be ashamed to 27 be away from  远离  28 be away from  从 …… 离开 

29 be bad for  对什么有害  eg : Reading books in the sun is bad for your eyes  在太阳下看书对你的眼睛不好 

30 be born  出生于  31 be busy doing sth  忙于做什么事  be busy with sth  忙于 ……

32 be careful  当心;小心  33 be different from……  和什么不一样 

34 be famous for  以 …… 著名  35 be friendly to sb  对某人友好 

36 be from = come from  来自  eg  : He is from Bejing He comes from Bejing Is he from Bejing ? Does he come from Bejing ?

37 be full of  装满 …… 的  be filled with  充满  eg: the glass is full of water the glass is filled with water

38 be glad+to+do/ 从句  39 be going to + v( 原)   将来时 

40 be good at(+doing) = do well in  在某方面善长 ,  善于 ……

41 be good for  对什么有好处  eg :  Reading  aloud is good for your English

42 be happy to do  很高兴做某事 

43 be helpful to sb  对某人有好处 

eg : Reading aloud is helpful to you  大声朗读对你有好处 

Exercising is helpful to your bady  锻炼对你的身体有好处 

44 be in good health  身体健康 

45 be in trouble  处于困难中  eg : She is in trouble They are in tronble

46 be interested in  对某方面感兴趣 

47 be late for = come late to  迟到  eg: Be late for class  上课迟到 

48 be like  像 …… eg : I’m like my mother

49 be mad at  生某人的气 

50 be made from  由 …… 制成 ( 制成以后看不见原材料 )

51 be made of  由 …… 制成 ( 制成以后还看得见原材料 ) 52 be not sure  表不确定 

53 be on a visit to  参观  54 be popular with sb  受某人欢迎 

55 be quiet  安静  56 be short for  表 ** 的缩写  eg:  陶  is short for  陶俊杰 

57 be sick in bed  生病在床  58 be sorry to do sth be sorry for sb eg : I am sorry for you

59 be sorry to hear that 60 be sorry to trouble sb eg : I am sorry to trouble you

61 be strict in doing sth  严于做某事  eg : He’s strict in obeying noles

62 be strict with sb  对某人要求严格  eg: Some students are not strict with them selves  这些学生对自己不严格 

63 be strict with sb in sth  某方面对某人严格  64 be supposed to do  被要求干什么 

65 be sure  表确定  66 be sure of doing sth  对做某事有信心  eg: He is sure of winning I am sure of learning English well

67 be sure of sth  对做某事有信心  eg: I’m sure of my head (my teacher  我相信我的大脑(老师) 

68 be sure that sth  对做某事有信心  eg: I’m suer that he can pass the test  我相信他能通过考试 

69 be sure to do sth 一定会做某事 eg: We are sure to pass the test  我们一定会通过这次考试  We are sure to learn English well  我们一定能学好英语 

70 be terrified of +  名 / 动 doing  害怕 …… 71 be terrified to do sth  害怕做某事 

72 be the same as …  和什么一样  73 be used to doing sth  习惯做某事 

eg: My father is used to getting up early  我爸爸习惯早 He is used to sleeping in class  他习惯上课睡觉 

74 be worth doing  值得做什么  75 be(feel) afraid to do sth  害怕做某事 be afraid of sth  害怕某物  be afraid that  丛句 

76 because+ 句子  because of + 短语 

eg : He was late because he had a headache He was late because of his headache

77 begin to do = start to do  开始做某事  start…with…=begin…with…  以什么开始什么 

eg : Let’s begin the game with the song I begin to go home

78 between…and…  两者之间 

79 borrow sth from sb  向 …… 借 …… lend sth to sb ( lend sb sth  借给 …… 什么东西 

eg : I borrowed a pen from him he lent a pen to me ( he lent me a pen

80 both = the same(as) = not different(from)  表相同 

81 bother  打扰  bother sb to do sth

eg : I’m sorry to bother you ,but can you tell me to way to the station

我十分道歉打扰你,但是你能告诉我怎么去车站 

the problem has been bothering me for weeks  这个问题困扰了我几个周了 

He’s bothering me to lend him money

82 by the end of  到 …… 为止  83 call sb sth eg : We call him old wang

84 care  关心  eg : Don’t you care about this country’s future ? 你为什么不关心国家的未来 

85 catch up with sb  赶上某人  86 chat with sb  和某人闲谈  take sb to +  地点   带某人去某地 

87 come in  进 88 come over to  过来 

89 come up with  提出  eg: Can you come up with a good idea  你能想出一个好办法吗? 

90 communicate with sb  和某人交流 

91 consider + doing  考虑做什么  eg : Why not consider going to lu zhou  为什么不考虑去泸州? 

92 dance to  随着 …… 跳舞  eg : She likes dancing to the music  她喜欢随着音乐跳舞 

93 decide to do sth  决定做某事  94 do a survey of  做某方面的调查  95 do better in  在 …… 方面做得更好 

96 do wrong  做错  97 Don’t forget to do sth  不要忘了做某事  98 Don’t mind +doing / 从句  / 名词   不要介意 ……

99 each + 名(单)每一个 …eg : Each student has many books  每一个学生都有一些书  100 end up +doing 101 enjoy +doing 喜欢  102 escape from  从 …… 逃跑 eg: The prisoners have escaped from the prison 犯人从监狱里逃跑出来  103 expect to do sth  期待做某事  104 fall down  摔下来  fall off  从哪摔下来  105 fall in love with sb /sth  爱上什么 

106 far from  离某地远  eg : The school is far from my home 107 find +it +adj +to do  发现做某事怎么样 

108 find sb/sth +adj  发现什么怎么样  eg : I find the book interesting 109 finish  完成 +doing (名词) 

110 fit to sb = be fit for sb  适合某人  111 forget to do  没有做而忘了  forget doing  做了而又忘了  eg: Don’t forget to go home I forget closing door 112 from…to…  从某某到某某  eg: From me for her

113 get /have sth down  做完,被(别人)做 …eg: I have my hair cut  我理了发 ( 头发被剪了) 

Tom got his bad tooth pulled out  汤母把他的坏牙拔掉了(被牙医拔掉了) 

114 get a part-time job= find a part-time job 115 get along well with sb = get on well with sb  与某人相处得好 

116 get along with sb = get on with sb  与某人相处  117 get ready for = be ready for 为什么而准备 eg : I get ready for math I am ready for math 118 get sb in to trouble  给某人麻 119 get sb to do sth

120 get…from…  从某处得到某物  121 give a talk  做报告  eg: He is give a tall

122 give sth to sb give sb sth  给某人某物  123 go fish  钓鱼  go swimming  游泳 

124 go on to do  去做下一件事  go on doing  继续做这件事  125 go out away from go out of

126 go to school  上学(用于专业的) go to the school  去学校(不一定是上学)  127 good way to  好方法 

128 hate to do  讨厌没做过的事  hate doing  讨厌做过的事 

129 have a party for sb  举办谁的晚会  130 have a talk  听报告   谈一谈 

131 have been doing  现在完成进行时  eg : You have been talking You have been sleeping since

132 have been to …(  地方) …… 去过某过地方  have gone to … (地方)   去了某地还没回来 

133 have fun +doing  玩得高兴  134 have sth to do  有什么事要做 

eg: I have a lot of homework to do  我有很多家庭作业要做  I have nothing to do  我没什么事情做 

135 have to do sth  必须做某事 

136 have trouble (problem) (in) doing sth  做什么事情有麻烦 

137 have…time +doing

138 have…( 时间 )…off  放 …… 假  eg: I have month off  我请一个月得假 

139 hear sb +do/doing  听见某人做某事 / 正在做某事 

140 help a lot  很大用处 

141 help sb with sth \one’s sth  帮助某人某事(某方面)  help sb (to) do sth  帮助某人做某事 

142 hope to do sth  希望做某事 

143 How about(+doing) = What about(+doing)

144 how do you like = what do you think of  你对什么的看法 

145 if :  是否= wether

eg: I don’t know if (wether) I should go to the party  我不知道我是否应该去参加晚会 

He don’t know if (wether) we will arrive on time tomorrow morning  他不知道我们明天早上是否能准时到达 

146 if : 如果,假如(全部接一般时态)+条件语态从句 

eg: I’ll go to LuZhou if it does’t rain  假如明天不下雨,我就去泸州 

If they change the plan they will let me know  假如他们要改变计划,他们会让我知道的 

I’ll go to England ,if I have enough money next year  如果我明年由足够的钱,我就要去英国 

147 in one’s opinion = sb think  某人认为 

148 in some ways  在某些方面 

149 in the end = finally(adv)  最后 

150 in  the north of …   什么在什么的北方   ( north  北  sowth  南  west  西  east  东   )

词形转换

词形变换归纳

一、动词→名词

01. accept → acceptance

02. appear → appearance

03. defend → defense

04. depend → dependence

05. dominate → dominance

06. emerge → emergence

07. endure → endurance

08. govern → governance

09. independ → independence

10. insist → insistence

11. maintain → maintenance

12. neglect → negligence

13. obey → obedience

14. offend → offense

15. persist → persistence

16. resist → resistance

17. analyze → analysis

18. base → basis

19. emphasize → emphasis

20. advise → advice

21. choose → choice

22. practise → practice

23. approve → approval

24. arrive → arrival

25. propose → proposal

26. believe → belief

27. prove  →  proof

28. bathe → bath

29. breathe → breath

30. die → death

31. grow → growth

32. heal → health

33. accomplish → accomplishment

34. achieve → achievement

35. advance → advancement

36. advertise → advertisement

37. agree → agreement

38. amaze → amazement

39. amuse → amusement

40. announce → announcement

41. appoint → appointment

42. argue → argument

43. astonish → astonishment

44. develop → development

45. disappoint → disappointment

46. employ → employment

47. encourage → encouragement

48. enjoy → enjoyment

49. enroll → enrollment

50. govern → government

51. improve → improvement

52. invest → investment

53. judge → judg(e)ment

54. manage → management

55. move → movement

56. state → statement

57. treat → treatment

58. act → action

59. add → addition

60. apply → application

61. assume → assumption

62. celebrate → celebration

63. construct → construction

64. consume → consumption

65. contribute → contribution

66. cooperate → cooperation

67. describe → description

68. devote → devotion

69. educate → education

70. explain → explanation

71. found → foundation

72. graduate → graduation

73. imagine → imagination

74. imply → implication

75. indicate → indication

76. inform → information

77. intend → intention

78. invite → invitation

79. isolate → isolation

80. liberate → liberation

81. limit → limitation

82. occupy → occupation

83. operate → operation

84. oppose → opposition

85. organize → organization

86. prepare → preparation

87. produce → production

88. pronounce → pronunciation

89. realize → realization

90. relax → relaxation

91. satisfy → satisfaction

92. separate → separation

93. suggest → suggestion

94. tempt → temptation

95. translate → translation

96. conclude → conclusion

97. confuse → confusion

98. decide → decision

99. discuss → discussion

100. exclude → exclusion

101. express → expression

102. impress → impression

103. include → inclusion

104. oppress → oppression

105. permit → permission

106. possess → possession

107. proceed → procession

108. build → building

109. mean → meaning

110. discover → discovery

111. recover → recovery

112. behave → behavior

113. fail → failure

114. forgive → forgiveness

115. identify → identity

116. know → knowledge

117. major → majority

118. marry → marriage

119. pass → passage

120. press → pressure

121. speak → speech

122. succeed → success

123. urge → urgency

124. vary → variety

125. weigh → weight

二、形容词→动词

01. able → enable

02. rich → enrich

03. sure → ensure

04. long → lengthen

05. strong → strengthen

06. high → heighten

07. broad → broaden

08. soft → soften

09. weak → weaken

10. wide → widen

三、名词→形容词

01. anger → angry

02. cloud → cloudy

03. dirt → dirty

04. friend → friendly

05. fun → funny

06. heart → hearty

07. hunger → hungry

08. health → healthy

09. luck → lucky

10. noise → noisy

11. rain → rainy

12. salt → salty

13. sleep → sleepy

14. snow → snowy

15. sun → sunny

16. taste → tasty

17. time → timely

18. wind → windy

19. worth → worthy

20. beauty → beautiful

21. care → careful

22. colo(u)r → colo(u)rful

23. dread → dreadful

24. fear → fearful

25. harm → harmful

26. help → helpful

27. joy → joyful

28. law → lawful

29. power → powerful

30. success → successful

31. thank → thankful

32. use → useful

33. wonder → wonderful

34. youth → youthful

35. anxiety → anxious

36. danger → dangerous

37. glory → glorious

38. mountain → mountainous

39. mystery → mysterious

40. nerve → nervous

41. poison → poisonous

42. atom → atomic

43. basis → basic

44. class → classic / classical

45. economy → economic / economical

46. electron → electronic

47. history → historic / historical

48. scene → scenic

49. science → scientific

50. accident → accidental

51. benefit → beneficial

52. biology → biological

53. chemistry → chemical

54. digit → digital

55. education → educational

56. globe → global

57. habit → habitual

58. industry → industrial

59. logic → logical

60. nation → national

61. nature → natural

62. occasion → occasional

63. person → personal

64. ration → rational

65. region → regional

66. season → seasonal

67. society → social / sociable

68. technology → technological

69. tradition → traditional

70. activity → active

71. effect → effective

72. defense → defensive

73. difference → different

74. intelligence → intelligent

75. ability → able

76. capability → capable

77. hono(u)r → hono(u)rable

78. horror → horrible

79. reason → reasonable

80. value → valuable

81. fool → foolish

82. fortune → fortunate

83. wool → woolen

84. amazement → amazing / amazed

85. astonishment→ astonishing/astonished

86. depression → depressing / depressed

87. excitement → exciting / excited

88. interest → interesting / interested

89. surprise → surprising / surprised

90. pleasure → pleasing / pleased

四、形容词→名词

01. active → activity

02. brave → bravery

03. careful → carefulness

04. careless → carelessness

05. cautious → caution

06. cruel → cruelty

07. dark → darkness

08. deep → depth

09. difficult → difficulty

10. free → freedom

11. high → height

12. happy → happiness

13. ill → illness

14. long → length

15. real → reality

16. sad → sadness

17. safe → safety

18. strong → strength

19. true → truth

20. wide → width

五、动词→名词(表示人)

01. act → actor / actress

02. wait → waiter / waitress

03. employ → employer / employee

04. interview → interviewer / interviewee

05. train → trainer / trainee

06. advise → adviser

07. analyze → analyst

08. apply → applicant

09. assist → assistant

10. build → builder

11. clean → cleaner

12. collect → collector

13. create → creator

14. dance → dancer

15. detect → detective

16. discover → discoverer

17. direct → director

18. drive → driver

19. edit → editor

20. educate → educator

21. farm → farmer

22. invent → inventor

23. invest → investor

24. learn → learner

25. manage → manager

26. organize → organizer

27. participate → participant

28. play → player

29. produce → producer

30. run → runner

31. serve → servant

32. sing → singer

33. speak → speaker

34. swim → swimmer

35. teach → teacher

36. translate → translator

37. travel → traveler

38. type → typist

39. visit → visitor

40. win → winner

六、名词单、复数(特殊)

01. datum → data

02. medium→ media

03. phenomenon → phenomena

04. belief → beliefs

05. chief → chiefs

06. roof → roofs

07. proof → proofs

08. key → keys

09. toy → toys

10. German → Germans

11. hero → heroes

12. Negro→ Negroes

13. potato → potatoes

14. tomato → tomatoes

15. foot → feet

16. tooth → teeth

17. mouse → mice

18. child→ children

19. means → means

20. sheep → sheep

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linwute

我要像梦一样自由,像大地一样宽容;
在艰辛放逐的路上,点亮生命的光芒;
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在曲折蜿蜒的路上,体验生命的意义;

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